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The Bronze Night occurred from 26 to 29 April 2007, when riots broke out over the Bronze Soldier … Born in 1917 in, Sergeant Stepan Hapikalo (Степан Илларионович Хапикало) — tank commander of the 26th tank regiment (according to official military sources died of a disease, First Sergeant, medic Yelena Varshavskaya (Елена Михайловна Варшавская) — division medical assistant of 40th Guard Mortars regiment (died 22 or 23 September 1944 in Tallinn). Both were later arrested by the NKVD and sent to the Gulag.[13]. The Bronze Night (Estonian: Pronksiöö), also known as the April Unrest (Aprillirahutused) and April Events (Aprillisündmused), refers to the riots in Estonia surrounding the controversial 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn. [111] Paet had spoken to his German counterpart Frank-Walter Steinmeier who "promised speedy assistance from the European Union to normalise the situation around the Estonian embassy in Moscow." At one level, this is a story of Estonian police over-reaction to major disturbances on the streets of Tallinn, which will be found reproduced in various incidents throughout ECHR countries at various times of civil strife. The Bronze Night (Estonian: Pronksiöö or Pronksöö), also known as the April Unrest (Aprillirahutused) and April Events (Aprillisündmused) refer to the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn.. The controversial ruling drew harsh criticism from opposition parties and praise from Moscow. The Bronze Night occurred from 26 to 29 April 2007, when riots broke out over the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn being relocated. [58][59], The idea of relocation was opposed by a plurality among inhabitants of Estonia. The last of the violent protesters were apparently taken away by a large passenger bus. [107] The most aggressive criticism was made by members of the Center Party, who had been left out of the coalition talks during the then-recent elections. IMDB The Bronze Night (Estonian: Pronksiöö), also known as the April Unrest and April Events refer to the riots and controversy surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn, Estonia. Riot police run after Russian-speaking protestors during a demonstration against the removal of a bronze statue of a Red Army Soviet soldier in Tallinn April 27, 2007. by calling for Estonia's government to resign). [71] By around 9:15 p.m., the mob activity turned to what the police considered the first night's riot. Bronze Night is a name given to a series of riots which occurred in the Estonian city of Tallinn. During June 2007 the stone structure was rebuilt. [17] Furthermore, the archaeologists performing the digs confirmed that no more burials have taken place on the grounds of the monument. [1] Instead, the National Committee of the Republic of Estonia attempted to re-establish Estonian independence by taking power in Tallinn,[2] and by proclaiming Provisional Government of Estonia and declaring re-establishment of the country's independence on 18 September 1944. Upload media ... Tallinn Bronze Soldier - Protests - 26 April 2007 night - 027.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 460 KB. Exclusive helicopter views to the city. 11). Bronze Night Bronze Night is a name given to a series of riots which occurred in the Estonian city of Tallinn. The Bronze Soldier monument replaced a preceding wooden memorial — a one-metre-high, wooden pyramid, about 20 cm in diameter, of a plain blue color crowned by a red star — that had been blown up on the night of 8 May 1946[12] by two Estonian teenagers. There are suggestions below for improving the article. This particular bronze … The Council of Europe has acknowledged that Estonian authorities violated human rights while dispersing defenders of the bronze soldier monument in Tallinn in 2007. Politsei viib meeleavaldajaid bussidega minema, Öine märul: üks surnu, 44 vigastatut, 99 lõhkumisjuhtu ja 300 kinnipeetut, Kõik Ganini peksmises kahtlustatavad vabanesid, Москва обеспокоена отсутствием результатов по делу Ганина, Rahutustes pussitatud Dmitri rüüstas poode, Tallinna linnavalitsus keelas rahutuste tõttu alkoholi müügi, Tallinnan kiistelty patsas siirretty — mellakoissa yksi kuolonuhri ja kymmeniä loukkaantuneita, Reuters: Estonia calm after Red Army site riots, Заявление отряда Армии Русского Сопротивления "Колывань" (Эстония), "Vähemusrahvaste esindus mõistab vandaalitsemise hukka - Eesti Päevaleht Online", Российские парламентарии призвали эстонский парламент дать оценку деятельности правительства республики, Riigiduuma esindajate hinnangul on pronkssõdurit tükkideks lõigatud, Kaitseministeerium: pronkssõdurit pole tükeldatud ega vigastatud, EU promises to help end siege at Estonian mission in Moscow, Government Briefing Room – April 26 Press Meeting Transcript, Äsjasele pronkssõduri platsile tuleb lilleväljaku asemel püsiv haljasala, Esimene Tõnismäelt leitud põrm anti omastele, Video: Vene saadik kalmistul pärga asetamas, Pronkssõduri tagasitoomise taotlus jäi lõplikult rahuldamata, Statement to the Harju Criminal Court on the criminal prosecution of Dmitry Linter, Dmitry Klenski, Maksim Reva and Mark Siryik, Pronksöö ninamehed lasid Harju maakohtus auru välja, Pronksöö korraldamises süüdistatavad mõisteti õigeks, Legal Information Centre for Human Rights, Riigiprokuratuur: aprillirahutuste süüasja uurimine oli kvaliteetne, "Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture CAT/C/EST/CO/4 — See para. [24] The collapse of the Soviet Union led to the restoration of the Republic of Estonia's sovereignty (See History of Estonia: Regaining independence.) On July 3, 1933, aggression was defined in a binding treaty signed at the Soviet Embassy in London by the USSR and The Republic of Estonia. This work began on May 23[78] and was estimated to be completed by the end of June. August 20, 2008 by willlasky. This would have banned the public display of monuments that glorify the Soviet Union or Estonia's fifty years of Bolshevism. [117] This was the first of the twelve exhumed bodies to be returned to relatives. [3], Amid political controversy, in April 2007 the Government of Estonia started final preparations for the relocation of the statue and reburial of the associated remains, according to the political mandate received from the previous elections (held in March 2007). After the German occupation of 1941–1944, Soviet forces reconquered Estonia in the autumn of 1944 and Estonia remained a part of the USSR until 1991. [50], On April 24, 2007, in explaining the necessity for thorough investigation of the burials, Estonian PM Andrus Ansip related a number of urban legends (grave holds remains of executed looters or drunk Red Army soldiers run over by Red Army tank). 156 were injured, including some two dozen police officers, and numerous stores, offices and homes were damaged. [29][30] An opening ceremony for the relocated statue was held on 8 May, VE Day. I recently completed one of the first domestically published MA theses on the Bronze Soldier riots, which took place in Tallinn, April 2007. The protests of the defenders of the statue turned into riots with the police during the attempt to dismantle the memorial overnight. The Bronze Soldier (Estonian: Pronkssõdur, Russian: Бронзовый Солдат, Bronzovyj Soldat) is the informal name of a controversial Soviet World War II war memorial in Tallinn, Estonia, built at the site of several war graves, which were relocated to the nearby Tallinn Military Cemetery in 2007. ], On February 15, 2007, Riigikogu approved the Law on Forbidden Structures by 46 votes to 44. Bronze Soldier of Tallinn was a good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. [33][34][35][36], Flowers and Police at the old location of the monument 9 May 2007, Flowers at the old location of the monument 9 May 2007 on the background there is a tent of the excavation site, First Victory Day at the new location, 9 May 2007, Second Victory Day at the new location, 9 May 2008, Flowers on the old site of the monument 9 May 2008, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°25′17.99″N 24°45′55.67″E / 59.4216639°N 24.7654639°E / 59.4216639; 24.7654639, community of polyethnic Russophone post-World War II immigrants, National Committee of the Republic of Estonia, "Propaganda, Information War and the Estonian-Russian Treaty Relations: Some Aspects of International Law", "Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskus / Pealeht", "ПАМЯТНИК ПОГИБШИМ ВО ВТОРОЙ МИРОВОЙ ВОЙНЕ В ТАЛЛИННЕ", "Soviet Memorial Causes Rift between Estonia and Russia", Common grave for and a memorial to Red Army soldiers on Tõnismägi, Tallinn (PDF file), Tallinnas Tõnismäel asuv punaarmeelaste ühishaud ja mälestusmärk, "Estonian wrestler confirmed as model for controversial Soviet statue", "MOD releases overview of archaeological excavations at Tõnismägi", "Tõnismäele oli maetud üks naine ja 11 meest", "Estonian Nationalists Want Statue of WWII Soviet Liberator in Tallinn be Pulled Down", "Estonian nationalists attempt to vandalise monument", "The parliamentary elections in Estonia, March 2007", "Violence continues over Estonia's removal of Soviet war statue", "Pronkssõdur avati taas rahvale vaatamiseks", "Valitsus asetas vaikuses pronksõdurile pärja", "Tõnismäelt välja kaevatud punaväelased maeti kaitseväe kalmistule", "Estland begravde sovjetsoldater på nytt", 360° QTVR fullscreen panoramas near Bronze Soldier Monument, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bronze_Soldier_of_Tallinn&oldid=992169323, Military history of Estonia during World War II, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lieutenant Colonel Mikhail Kulikov (Михаил Петрович Куликов) — commander of the 657th regiment, born in 1909 in, Captain Ivan Sysoyev (Иван Михайлович Сысоев) —, Gefreiter (Senior Private) Dmitri Belov — 125th division (killed in a battle 45 km from Tallinn in September 1944). The Bronze Soldier Riots of Tallinn. [64] Among other activities, this translated into opposing and denouncing of high-level Russian politicians who supported civilised relocation of the Bronze Soldier. Although uncommon, powers are sometimes abused which leads to police brutality, such as the 2007 Bronze Soldier riots. [105] Sven Mikser, leader of the foreign affairs' commission of the Riigikogu, who was one of the Estonian politicians to meet the Russian delegation, expressed his regret that the Russians had come with prejudices and had intervened in Estonia's internal affairs (e.g. [20] But since then cyber warfare has been used … The Russian press sensationalized Ansip's comments in their headlines, presenting Ansip as disparaging Red Army veterans.[51]. Bronze Night. The preamble of the Act states: The Act came into force on January 20, 2007.[54]. Vandals have damaged historic monuments around the country amid protests over the death of George Floyd in police custody. [18], According to historian Alexander Daniel, the Bronze Soldier has symbolic value to Estonia's Russians, symbolising not only Soviet victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, but also their claim to rights in Estonia. [12] According to official records of the Military Commissariat of the Baltic Military District, however, the following 13 soldiers who fell during World War II were reburied in the grounds in April 1945: According to the Estonian Ministry of Defence, the remains of 12 persons had been exhumed by 2 May 2007 and would be reburied by the end of June 2007 at the same cemetery where the statue had been relocated. Around dusk, the mob turned more and more violent, starting to throw stones and empty bottles at the police. They wanted the Bronze Soldier removed. During the riots, one Russian rioter was killed. The Russian parliament threatened Tallinn with trade sanctions and with breaking off diplomatic relations and pro-Putin activists picketed the Estonian embassy in Moscow. The Bronze Soldier affair 's undoubtedly the most scandalous event in Baltic history since independence 's was in many ways misguided from the beginning. [131], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°25′53″N 24°44′24″E / 59.431256°N 24.740015°E / 59.431256; 24.740015. TALLINN-The four accused masterminds of the events of April 26,2007 have been fully acquittedof charges. Colonel Konstantin Kolesnikov (Константин Павлович Колесников) — second commander of 125th division (killed on 21 September 1944 in a battle 45 km from Tallinn). The cause of the violent protests was the relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, a Second-World-War memorial in the city. The George Floyd protests were a series of police brutality protests that began in Minneapolis in the United States on May 26, 2020. Born in 1925 in, Sergeant Aleksandr Grigorov – died 7 March 1945, Lieutenant Colonel Kotelnikov – no information available, Lieutenant I. Lukanov – no information available, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 21:33. More than 1000 people were detained by the police during the riots, most of them freed by now. [48], Estonian journalist Paavo Kangur in an opinion piece suggested that the confrontations were intentionally provoked to increase the support of Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica and "Estonian Nazi sympathizers" having been manipulated by Russian FSB service. Restoration of the independence of the Baltic states, Human rights issues concerning arrests and use of force by the police. [96] As there had been too many arrests for the normal pre-trial detention centers, many suspects were taken to a hastily set up holding area in the Terminal D of the Tallinn Seaport. An ecumenical religious ceremony (prayer for the dead) was held on April 28 before commencing the exhumation, by two chaplains, a Lutheran and an Orthodox. The days of unrest across the capital and Ida-Viru County have since become known as the Bronze Night riots. Born in 1923 in, Captain Aleksei Bryantsev (Алексей Матвеевич Брянцев) — 125th division. "[15][16] On September 24, 1939, warships of the Red Navy appeared off Estonian ports and Soviet bombers began to patrol over Tallinn and the nearby countryside. The Bronze Soldier attacks may be the first suspected state-backed cyber-attacks on another nation. A decision by the government to remove a pro-Soviet war memorial — dubbed the Bronze Soldier — and a nearby war grave sparked two nights of unrest in … The mass deportations of ethnic Estonians during the Soviet era together with migration into Estonia from other parts of the Soviet Union had resulted in the share of ethnic Estonians in the country decreasing from 88% in 1934 to 62% in 1989. Political differences over the interpretation of the events of the war symbolised by the monument had already led to a controversy between Estonia's community of polyethnic Russophone post-World War II immigrants and Estonians, as well as between Russia and Estonia. The Russian ambassador, having been invited to monitor the exhumation, or appoint an observer, officially declined the invitation. In 2009, The Estonian government passed the law nicknamed "Bronze Night law", that reinforces the penalties and improves and refines the laws relating to the distribution of national secrets, actions against the state, actions of promoting against the state and encourage or participate in riots. [106] Later in the day, the reappearance of the bronze soldier threw the Duma's fact finding mission off-course, with delegation leader Kovalyov saying that he had not been invited by the Estonian authorities to the ceremony at the military cemetery. Bronze Night. [119] However, he attended a religious memorial service for the fallen, held by the head of the Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate, three hours after the reburial. Relatives have made claims to bodies of four of the war dead. Upload media Wikipedia: 59° 25′ 52.52″ N, 24° 44′ 24.05″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q2312213 Library of Congress authority ID: sh2009003792. [30] Elections were organized in which only Soviet-supported candidates were permitted to run. By morning 300 people had been arrested. "The lines on the statue are because of bronze casting technology and from the time the statue was created," said the press representative of Estonian Ministry of Defence. Dmitri Linter is Russian civil servant. Korobov and others v. Estonia, 28 March 2013, ECtHR read judgment. Forms of aggression were defined: "A naval blockade of coasts or ports of another State; Invasion by armed forces of the territory of another State even without a declaration of war. [115] On June 8, 2007, the Ministry of Defence announced a plan to replace the flowerbed with a permanent park complete with small trees.[116]. 2009-01-07; Staff and wire reports; The removal of the Bronze Soldier sparked widespread riots. The removal of the Bronze Soldier sparked widespread riots. The prototype for the face and figure of the statue is not known. The two girls, 14-year-old Aili Jürgenson and 15-year-old Ageeda Paavel destroyed it, in their own words, to avenge the Soviet destruction of war memorials to the Estonian War of Independence. The view that Estonia's annexation by the USSR was legitimate is advanced by the official statements of the Russian Federation,[33] which claim that the USSR's presence in the Baltics was legal according to international law and that the Baltics could not be occupied because there was no declaration of war. [9][10] (Soviet Army veterans celebrate Victory Day a day later, on May 9.) It demanded that Estonian citizenship be granted to all Estonian residents by May 3, threatening to start an armed resistance on May 9. The eternal flame was extinguished shortly after the Estonian redeclaration of independence. [120], Ezmiralda Menshikova and Svetlana Gnevasheva, daughters of Ivan Syssoyev, a Red Army partorg who died in Tallinn in 1944, filed suit against the government demanding that the Bronze Soldier be returned to its original location near the National Library as a grave marker. … A tense calm is reported in Estonia's capital, Tallinn, after two nights of clashes between ethnic Russians and police over a Soviet war monument. Relocation of the monument had slightly stronger support from native Estonian speakers—49% in favour of relocation—while only 9% of native Russian speakers supported relocation. The Bronze Soldier has now been completely restored in its new location at a military cemetery on the outskirts of Tallinn. TALLINN - An Estonian Court has acquitted four men over their suspected role in organizing the Bronze Soldier riots that tore through Tallinn last year. [63], According to the article in Eesti Päevaleht, in Russia special services encouraged media to discuss the Bronze Soldier often and in a particularly emotional way, as a way of influencing political opinion. The attacks have come in three waves: from April 27, when the Bronze Soldier riots erupted, peaking around May 3; then on May 8 and 9 - a couple … By midnight the riots had spread around the centre of Tallinn, with massive damage to property—a total number of 99 cases of vandalism, including cars that had been turned upside down, broken and looted shop windows, pillaged bars and kiosks. They demand to create the International Commission for detailed investigation of the events on April 26, 2007. [90] Estonian press alleged that wounds were likely inflicted by a vandal. Riots in Tallinn, bronze soldier topics, Russian acts towards the Estonia. Local veterans groups and many Russian-speakers view the monument as a tribute to those who liberated Europe from fascism, while many Estonians find it an offensive symbol of their nation's decades-long occupation by the Soviet Union. The events caught international attention and led to a multitude of political reactions.[9]. 100 Hit the Streets of Tallinn To Mark Bronze Soldier Riots. The Bronze Age weapons, tools, and personal grooming items are almost 3000 years old. — photos of protests and riots. Council of Europe recognizes human rights violations during Bronze Soldier riots 19 Apr, 2011 17:14 . No major incidents were reported, but some drivers tried to block the traffic in the center of Tallinn by intentionally driving at a slow speed and excessively using their car horns.[102]. The Bronze Soldier monument, erected in the late 1940s as a memorial to Soviet soldiers, has been a source of controversy since the collapse of the USSR. Show: Aeg Luubis Air: 29. apr 07 Language: Estonian/English (subtitled) Content: Short analysis, why riots occurred. TALLINN - An Estonian Court has acquitted four men over their suspected role in organizing the Bronze Soldier riots that tore through Tallinn last year. The Russian parliament threatened Tallinn with trade sanctions and with breaking off diplomatic relations and pro-Putin activists picketed the Estonian embassy in Moscow. API STATUS: Working December 2020. The bodies of 8 soldiers exhumed from beneath the monument's former site in Tonismagi has been relocated with the monument, while the remains of four other soldiers were sent to Russia to be buried with their families. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated.Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if … Ganin. [31][32] (Significantly, Red Army veterans celebrate Victory Day a day later, on 9 May.) [89] The government of the Soviet Union conducted large-scale and systematic actions against the Estonian population. For nine days, protestors in Moscow had disturbed the peace of the embassy, prevented staff and visitors from entering or leaving the embassy, and physically attacked the embassy and the ambassador. Sadness wrought in bronze. [43], World War II Red Army veterans and representatives of the Russian-speaking population in Estonia have continued to gather at the monument on certain dates, celebrating May 9 (Victory Day) and September 22 ("Liberation of Tallinn" in 1944). According to an opinion poll ordered by Eesti Päevaleht and performed by Turu-uuringute AS from April 5 through April 22, 2007, 37% of respondents supported relocation of the monument, while 49% were against relocation and 14% had not formed any opinion on the subject. [18][19] On June 16, 1940, the Soviet Union invaded Estonia. [114] On May 9, it was reported that, as agreed with the City Park Office, the Ministry of Defence was planting an enormous flower garden on the site, as a part of the post-exhumation restoration work mandated by the War Graves Act. Nkvd and sent to the relocated statue was held on May 26, 2020 the attempt to dismantle the underwent... Protest of the Bronze Soldier riots – and why Russia was in many ways misguided the! 17 ] Furthermore, the stone structure had been arrested May signal an attempt to dismantle memorial. Removal were held 12 found at the Defence Forces cemetery of Tallinn the streets the! 23 [ 78 ] and was estimated to be returned to relatives commemoration of the monument initiated the.. The relocated statue was held on May 9. ) disparaging Red Army celebrate. Following the reopening, the stone structure had been placed at the Defence Forces cemetery Tallinn! 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